Zeynep Tuba Sungur: MUSA FORUM MUSA's 2nd Graduate Conference, in collaboration with the Royal Asiatic Society, will be held in London on 8, 9, & 10 October 2015. The keynote address will be delivered by Professor Michel Boivin of CEIS Paris. Please do join us.
Thematic Keywords
tribalism, nationalism, citizenship, border demarcation
Geographic Keywords
Afghanistan, Pakistan, South Asia, Middle East, Iran
Full Name
Zeynep Tuba Sungur
Email Address
Current Position
PhD student
as of [21-05-2015 02:06:57]
Current Department
Area Studies
Expected Year of Graduation
Academic Advisor
Assoc. Prof. Erdogan Yildirim
Position Title
Research Assistant
Current Institution
Middle East Technical University (METU), Graduate School of Social Sciences
Country of Institution
Most recently completed Degree and Institution
M.S. Middle East Studies, Middle East Technical University
Discipline of most recently completed degree
Middle East Studies
Year of graduation from most recently completed degree
Current Research Title
Sociology of Afghanistan; tribal society of Pashtuns and the Durand Line
Other Research
Abstract of Master's Thesis: The main objective of this thesis is to analyse the relationship between tribalism and modernity in Afghanistan. Focusing on Pashtuns, who constitute the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan, the thesis traces their transformation from a tribal confederacy into a central state that introduced modernity to Afghanistan. In this regard, the thesis is, basically, a discussion of the struggle for power between two institutions in Afghanistan: the tribe and the state. In an effort to reveal the relationship between the two, the thesis looks at the modern strategies and ideologies used by the Afghan state to beat the power of tribalism. Nationalism and Socialism, in this regard, come up as two modern ideologies that are discussed in relation to Pashtun Tribalism. Questioning the concepts of Afghan Nationalism and Pashtun Nationalism as well as their relation to Pashtun Tribalism, the thesis discusses the concept of a tribe within the frame of modern border demarcation, nation-building efforts and modernist reform programmes. Passing on to the discussion on Socialism, the thesis then addresses the question of tribe in relation to the idea of class struggle, a communist party, a modern coup d’état and a communist revolution. Contrasting the concept of tribe with such modern notions, the thesis finally reveals how tribalism managed to survive within these modern ideologies by articulating into them in various ways.